After a fierce battle, the Mexicans lost about 100-200 killed and wounded; Texan losses were 7-9 killed and 60 wounded. There are a total of 655 free lunch students and 59 reduced lunch students. He commanded the ill-fated group of Georgia volunteers and Texans massacred at Goliad, Texas, on March 27, 1836. On March 26, 1836, 19:00, Santa Anna ordered Portilla to execute the prisoners. Battle of Coleto Creek. The same day, General Houston ordered Fannin to retreat to Victoria. In 1834, Fannin settled at Velasco in the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas (now Texas), where he owned a plantation and was a managing partner in a slave-trading syndicate. They had two daughters together. Under the command of Bowie, Fannin fought in the Battle of Concepción on October 28, 1835. James Walker Fannin joined the United States Military Academy at West Point on July 1, 1819 under the name "James F. Walker". He made three requests: he asked for his personal possessions to be sent to his family, to be shot in his heart and not his face, and to be given a Christian burial. Urrea's forces were never defeated in battle during the Texas Revolution. Urrea wrote to Santa Anna to ask for clemency for the Texans. He resigned from West Point due to poor grades, absences and tardiness. On March 6, 1836, the Battle of the Alamo was fought, with all of the Alamo's defenders (about 187 men) being killed by Mexican forces. Age 32, he was taken by Mexican soldiers to the courtyard in front of the chapel, blindfolded, and seated in a chair (due to his leg wound from the battle). [2], In early February, Fannin sailed from Velasco and landed at Copano with four companies of the Georgia Battalion, moving to join a small band of Texans at Refugio. Fannin Battleground memorializes the brave soldiers who fought the Battle of Coleto Creek on this site in 1836 during the Texas War for Independence. After “Remember the Alamo,” the Texas Revolution’s most potent battle cry was “Remember Goliad.” A charming community on the San Antonio River now sits where, in 1836, Mexican forces executed Col. James Fannin and his men. The relief mission was a failure. Mexican reinforcements, under General Jose Urrea, arrived at Matamoros, complicating the Texan's plans to attack that city. Fannin had difficulty leading the volunteers in his charge. Appeals from Travis at the Alamo (via James Bonham) prompted Fannin to launch a relief march of over 300 men and four pieces of artillery on 25 February 1836. James Walker Fannin Jr. (1804 or 1805 – March 27, 1836) was a 19th-century slave-trader and American military figure in the Texas Army and leader during the Texas Revolution of 1835–36. As a last name Fannin was the 5,092 nd most popular name in 2010. Family Life. The column traveled about six miles when Fannin ordered a halt to rest his animals. James Fannin is married to Minerva Fort, and had 2 children. Fannin withdrew 25 miles north to Goliad and quartered his troops at Presidio La Bahia. At about 3:00pm, Mexican cavalry appeared. When was the first name Fannin first recorded in the United States? The Texans immediately formed a hollow square with their wagons and cannons placed in each corner for defense as Gen. Urrea's forces attacked. In November 1835, Austin ordered Fannin and William B. Travis and about 150 men to cut off any Mexican supply party. Mexican forces under General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna continued to sweep across Texas toward Fort Defiance, the presidio in Goliad that had been seized by the rebels in October 1835 at the onset of the war for independence. On March 14, 1836, Ward and King were attacked by Urrea and over 200 Mexican soldiers as they were about to leave. He made an influence during the Texas … He participated in the Battle of Gonzales on October 2 and urged Stephen F. Austin to send aid to Gonzales. James Fannin March 27, 1836 - Fannin County, Macon, Columbus Fannin County in north Georgia is named for Georgian James Fannin, who fought in the Texas independence movement. James Fannin surrendered (March 20, 1836, after the Battle of Coleto Creek) to superior Mexican forces under Gen. José Urrea. During the siege of the Alamo, Fannin and his Army of about 400 men were only 90 miles away in Goliad. juan Nepomuceno seguin Juan Seguin survived the Alamo! #6 James Fannin Denied Help at the Alamo, Only to Suffer a Worse Fate. James Walker Fannin, Jr. (January 1, 1804[1] – March 27, 1836) was a 19th-century U.S. military figure on the Texas Army and leader during the Texas Revolution of 1835–36. Governor James W. Robinson "..among the rise of 400 men at, and near this post, I doubt if 25 citizens of Texas can be mustered in the ranks...". He wrote letters seeking financial assistance and volunteers to help the Texas. The first of these groups numbered about 30 men under Aaron King, followed by a larger group of some 150 men under William Ward. In numerous accounts of the Goliad Massacre, a Mexican woman, Francisca (Francita, Panchita or Pancheta) Alavez, sometimes referred to by other surnames (Alvarez or Alavesco), rescued about 20 Texan soldiers; she became known as "The Angel of Goliad. In 1821 James Fannin moved to Columbus, Georgia to become a merchant. At the Time. Others, including Fannin, were executed inside the fort, which had been constructed Colonel Fannin was the last to be executed, after seeing his men executed. "[10] Other people known to rescue some prisoners were Juan Holzinger. Fannin came to Texas with his wife and two daughters in 1834, and settled at Valesco. See more ideas about History, Interesting history, Photo. Houston ordered Colonel James W. Fannin to evacuate his 400-man force from Goliad a… [4], On March 19, 1836, Fannin led the Texans on a retreat from Presidio La Bahia (which Fannin had renamed Fort Defiance)[6] and destroyed everything which they did not take with them. Recent evidence indicates that he was a second cousin of William B. Travis. The Texans thought they would likely be set free in a few weeks. His Education Even though he didn't have much education his father was the After Col. James W. Fannin surrendered to Mexican forces, Gen. Santa Anna ordered him and his men executed in nearby Goliad, against the wishes of other Mexican commanders. In 1834, Fannin settled at Velasco in the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas (now Texas), where he owned a plantation and was a managing partner in a slave-tr… Plácido Benavides and six others escaped to notify Fannin of the situation. Twenty-eight Texans escaped by feigning death and other means. He also went home to spend time with his family. … He tried to institute regular army discipline, but his irregular volunteers would not accept it. James Bonham (the city's namesake) sought the aid of James Fannin (the county's namesake) at the Battle of the Alamo. James Bonham, officer of the Alamo garrison, son of James and Sophia Butler (Smith) Bonham, was born at Red Banks (present-day Saluda), Edgefield County, South Carolina, on February 20, 1807. James "Jim" Bowie (c. 1796—March 6, 1836) was an American frontiersman, trader of enslaved people, smuggler, American Indigenous fighter, and soldier in the Texas Revolution.He was among the defenders at the Battle of the Alamo in 1836, where he perished along with all of his comrades. He surrendered to Mexican forces at the Battle of Coleto Creek and was executed soon after. Like Johnson’s force, both of these groups were eventually killed or captured by the Mexicans. Oct 31, 2020 - Explore Carina Case's board "All About History, People,& Inventions", followed by 12207 people on Pinterest. Although Mexican law stipulated that foreign belligerents taken on Mexican soil be executed for piracy, Fannin surrendered with the understanding that his men would be…. James Walker Fannin, Jr., Texas revolutionary, was probably born on January 1, 1804, in Georgia, the son of Dr. Isham Fannin. He married Minerva Fort on July 17, 1829. The Battle of Agua Dulce was fought on March 2. Amon B. Bowie was known as a legendary fighter; the large Bowie knife is named after him. A major street in downtown Houston is named after him. King's men, and twenty-six of Lt. Col. William Ward's troops by claiming to need them to build boats and transport cannons across the San Antonio River. [4] Colonel of the First Artillery, Fannin began strengthening defenses at Goliad, and sent out his captains to recruit more men for the army. His most notable success was that of the Goliad Campaign in which James Fannin's 300 soldiers were surrounded and induced to capitulate under terms but were massacred in Urrea's absence … They defeated Texian forces at the Battle of San Patricio on February 27, where 20 were killed and prisoners were taken. Fannin needed means of transport and had sent Albert C. Horton and his men to Victoria, to bring carts and twenty yokes of oxen from army quartermaster John J. Linn, who did return around March 16. He married Minerva Fort in 1829 and they had two daughters. Made Lt. There are a total of 776 students and 51 teachers at James Fannin Middle School, for a student to teacher ratio of 16 to 1. Pelican Pub Co. ISBN, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/ffa02, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/qdg02, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/qec01, "Sons of Dewitt Colony Texas, The Angel of Goliad", http://www.tamu.edu/ccbn/dewitt/goliadangel.htm, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/HH/fhoaa.html, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/James_Fannin?oldid=4791845. Fannin finally received the alert of King and Ward's defeat from, Hugh McDonald Frazer, on March 17. [7], The Mexicans took the Texans back to Goliad, where they were held as prisoners at Fort Defiance. After being outnumbered and surrendering to Mexican forces at the Battle of Coleto Creek, Colonel Fannin and nearly all his 344 men were executed soon afterward at Goliad, Texas, under Santa Anna's orders for all rebels to be executed. Urrea wrote in his diary that he "...wished to elude these orders as far as possible without compromising my personal responsibility." He resigned from West Pointdue to poor grades, absences and tardiness. A West Point dropout, James Fannin, was made and officer and then promoted to Colonel of the Texas army. They had little or no food, some men were barefooted, and the oxen teams wandered off during the night. Fannin County, Georgia is named in his honor. Fannin County, Georgia and Fannin County, Texas is named in his honor. After 13 days the Alamo fell on March 6, 1836, and the garrison was wiped out. David Crockett Fact 15: Crockett and the reinforcement troops, on March 4th managed to break through the Mexican lines and enter the Alamo. On Palm Sunday 1836, Mexican troops marched a group of Texian prisoners under the command of James Fannin out of the Presidio La Bahia near Goliad. Frank W. Johnson and four other Texans were captured but later managed to escape and rejoin James Fannin's command at Goliad. Crocket was said to be one of the men sent out to look for the men sent by James Fannin, commander of a group of Texian solders. Horton's men would later form Fannin's advance guard when the retreating to Victoria. Many of his men thought he was aloof, and several historians believe that he was an ineffective commander because of it. The Biographical Souvenir of Texas and the Fannin County Folks and Facts now have indexes hotlinked directly to the cited page. Read More. Dec 31, 1819. Having attended West Point, Fannin was commissioned a colonel in the Texas Regular Army and raised the Georgia Battalion, primarily volunteers from Macon and Columbus. Three known survivors escaped to Houston's army, where they fought in the Battle of San Jacinto. Later in the month the Mexicans massacred Colonel James Fannin and more than 300 Texas prisoners at Goliad. James Fannin led the rebels massacred at Goliad in 1836. How unique is the name Fannin? See more ideas about texas revolution, texas history, mexican american war. knew in advance of the trip the basic facts about James Walker Fannin, Jr. [7], The 40 wounded men that could not walk were executed inside the fort compound. After fierce combat the Battle of the Alamo was won by the Mexican soldiers. Fannin sent Lieutenant Colonel William Ward and about 120 men to King's aid. This, along with the Presidio Bahia is a must see experience to learn more about the beginnings of the Texas Independence. He joined the United States Military Academy at West Point in July 1819 and later worked as a merchant. He married Minerva Fort in 1829 and they had two daughters. February 27, where 20 were killed and 60 wounded during the Texas war cries and others... October 21st, 1875 detachment was part of Urrea 's larger force nearly. 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